In honor of African American History Month, here is one of the vignettes highlighting scientists from our Family Science book.
As a child, George Robert Carruthers (1939-2020) read science fiction books about space travel. He earned a Bachelor of Science degree in aeronautical engineering in 1961, an Master’s degree in nuclear engineering in 1962, and a Ph.D. in aeronautical and astronautical engineering in 1964. He invented the first camera used in outer space. His design, the Far-Ultraviolet Camera/Spectrograph, was installed on the moon by Apollo 16 astronauts. He later developed a camera that was used in a Space Shuttle mission.
Dr. Carruthers spent most of his career teaching and working at the US Naval Research Laboratory (NRL). He created an apprentice program that allowed high school students to spend summers working with scientists at the NRL, and he taught both Earth and Space Science to both high school teachers and students. After retiring from the NRL, he taught at Howard University, and in 2012, he was awarded the National Medal of Technology & Innovation.